Who is Shango:
Shango is an Osha of the Head's Oshas group. Shango is one of the most popular Oshas of the Yoruba pantheon, great warrior, he is the king of the religion. Orisha of justice, the dance, the viril force, the thunderclaps, the rays and the fire, owner of the drums Wemileres, Ilú Batá or Bembés, of the dance and music; he represents the necessity and the joy to live, the intensity of the life, the masculine beauty, the passion, intelligence and the wealth. He is the owner of the religious system of Osha-Ifá. He represents the greater number of favorable and unfavorable situations. He was the first owner and interpreter of the Ifa's oracle, is fortune teller and interpreter of the Diloggún's oracle and the Biange and Aditoto. Shango represents and has a special relation with the world of the Eggun.
Shango was the 4th Alafín (king) of Òyó, this is the second dynasty of Oduduwa after the destruction of Katonga, the first administrative capital of the Yoruba empire. Shango arrived in a transcendental time of Yoruba history, where the people had forgotten the lessons of God. Shango was sent with its twin brother by Oloddumare to clean society and for the town followed a clean life again and the lessons of the unique God.
After becoming King, the town dwellers began to say that Shango was very strict and even tyrannous. In that time the laws said that if a king wanted to be removed by his town he had to die. Shango finished with his life hanging himself, but he returned in his twin brother Angayú who with the use of the powder, ended the enemies of Shango. Then he began to be adored as Orisha and was called the God of Thunder.
Shango was a warrior king and the generals of Ibadan loved him. His followers saw him like the container of great creative potentialities. Shango was one of the Yoruba kings who helped to construct battle formation and thanks to his conquests the Yoruba empire extended from Mauritania to Gabon. He became famous mainly for his cavalry, which had a fundamental paper in the construction of the empire.
Other legends exists where it is said that Shango killed his children and spouses because his experiments with the powder, after regreting that he became an Orisha.
Shango was the first awó, and changed the ashé of the divination with Orunla for the dance, because of this he is very important in the cult of ifá for the babalawos, having the babalawos a hand of Ikines called hand of Shango.
Shango is brother of heart with Babalu Ayé (okan pelú okan). Shango eats first when this Orisha is crowned, since was Shango who helped him to be cured of his plagues. Ossaín is the godfather of Shango, the name of his slave is Deú and his messenger is called Bangboshé.
Shango means rebel, their stones or otanes are taken from cascades or rivers. One of the fundamental Orishas that is received when Kari-Osha Shango is Aggayú Sola. Every omo Shango must enter with Aggayú. His main symbol is the Oshe. The Oshe is a doll carved in cedar and instead of a head it has a double axe. Oshe with time is an energy that takes load, made by the babalawos, this lives with Shango.
In order to make Shango a ceremony on the foot of a cedar or real palm must be made at least with 6 days of anticipation to the Osha Akua Kua Lerí.
Shango is compared with Saint Barbara, which has its celebration on December 4th. Shango's day of the week is Saturday, although Friday also is popular.
His number is the 6 and its multiples, although some adjudge the 4 to him, perhaps because of Santa Barbara. His colors are red and white. He is greeted Kaó Kabiesilé, Shango Alufina!
Family of Shango:
Shango was husband of Obba, Oyá and Oshún. In some paths he descends directly from Oloddumare, in others is son of Obbatala and Oddúa (Oduduwa), others locate him like son of Obbatala and Aggayu and also of Obbatalá Ibaíbo and Yembó, he was bred by Yemayá and Dadá. Brother of Dadá, Orunmila, Oggun, Eleggua, Oshosi and Osun.
Diloggún in Shango:
He speaks in diloggún by Obbara (6) and Ellila Sebora (12), which is his main oddun.
Tools of Shango:
His receiver is a cedar, wood tray preferredly, with cover, that is located above of a pylon that often can have castle form. His main attributes are six tools done in cedar, axes, swords, rays, drums, a hand of snails, crowns, glass, a saber, maraca of güira, a mace, etc. He also takes chekere done of turtle carapaces.
Between the utensils that can be put around him are a black horse, a drum, a red flag shining, three axes, a stick and a scimitar.
Their necklaces or elekes are made alternating white red accounts and.
Power tools of Shango:
His tools of power are a double axe, a glass and a sword.
Suits of Shango:
Shango gets dressed in a red shirt with white white lists and red trousers. Also he can dress short white trousers with cut ends in the legs. His chest is in the open and wears a short jacket that can be red or of red white lists. In his head it takes a crown, that sometimes has the form of a castle.
Dances of Shango:
When Shango comes down he strikes with his head and gives three rounds down to the drums. His characteristics movements are brandish his axe and touching his testicles. No other orisha will give higher jumps, dance more violently or make stranger gestures. Commonly he can eat fire. The dances of Shango usually are erotic or warrior like. As a warrior he brandish his axe and make threatening gestures. Like lover, he tries to demonstrate the size of his penis, bends, make winks to the women. The dancers imitate his movement.
Offerings to Shango:
To Shango are offered amalá done with flour of corn, green milk and gumbo, bananas, otí, Indian banana, red wine, toasted maize, barley, canary seed, etc. To him are immolated sheep, roosters, quails, tortoise (turtle of river), hen of Guinean, doves, etc. His ewes are the bledo jabbed, atiponlá, platanillo of Cuba, Ceiba, paradise, cedar, poplar, barye, zarzaparilla, rattan sea turtle, colored rattan, almácigo, camagua, wild combustera, sugar cane, onion, mahogany, flamboyán, dark guano, laurel, corn, bitter wood, colored mamey, wood boma, grass tortoise, pinion, gumbo, rompesaragüey, robust, tomato, travesera, yaya, palm, peonía, mint, trébol, canistel, filigrama, yaba, etc.
Paths of Shango:
The paths of Shango rather talk about the titles that he received when he was king. Meaning his royalty, his art to legislate, to wage the war, his force and relation with the fire and the ray, among other aspects.
His paths are:
- Shango Obadimeyi.
- Shango Obakoso.
- Shango Bumí.
- Shango Dibeyi.
- Shango Alafin or Alafi Alafi.
- Shango Arirá.
- Shango Olosé.
- Shango Kamúkan.
- Shango Obbará.
- Shango Yakutá.
- Shango Ko Under.
- Shango Lubbe or Bara Lubbe.
- Shango Olufina Kake.
- Shango Obalúbe.
- Shango Obaluekun.
- Shango Bangboshé.
- Shango Addima Addima.
- Shango Obbaña.
- Shango Eyee.
- Shango Alayé or Eluwekon.
- Shango Obayá.
- Shango Lubbeo.
- Shango Omangüerille.
- Shango Oban Yoko.
- Shango Alufina.
- Shango Ebbora.
- Shango Ladde or Larí.
- Shango Dedina.
- Shango Luami.
- Shango Deima.
- Shango Deizu.
- Shango Tolá.
- Shango Obba Bi.
- Shango Yumi Kasiero.
- Shango Asabeyi.
- Shango Oluoso.
- Shango Okanami.
- Shango Nipa.
- Shango Gbogbagúnle.
- Shango Gbamí.
- Shango Fáyo.
- Shango Deyí.
- Shango Obanlá.
- Shango Tápa.
- Shango Godo.
- Shango Odúnbadeyí.
- Shango Oba Tolá.
- Shango Oluóso.
- Shango Nupé.
- Shango Oba Yokó.
- Shango Okanami.
- Shango Ball.
- Shango Oloké.
To crown Shango. Kari-Osha:
In order to crown this Osha first one receive the Warriors Orishas. During coronation one receives.
Elegguá, Obbatalá, Oke, Yemayá, Shango, Ibeyis, Ogué, Oshún and Aggayú.
Characteristics of the Omo Shango:
Willful, energetic, arrogant, intelligent, conscious of his value. In the men they tolerate the discrepancies with difficulty and are given to violent accesses of rage. Troublemakers, love the money and more than one women, they don't like to work a lot to obtain it, they are libertine. In the case of the women they are very prattling and sometimes like to lie, they like to interfere in subjects of the others and they do not pardon the acts of infidelity. They work hard and are able to take until the last consequences his ideals, although it implies to face the others.
Patakies de Shango:
After Shango defeated Oggún, he returned to his carefree life of women and celebrations. Oggún went again to his forge and work. Both tried to avoid each other, but when they met one could hear a thunderclap and a lightning could be seen in the sky. After hearing of the war between the brothers, Obbatalá summoned Shango and told him.
- Omo-mi. Your fight with your brother brings much sadness to me. You must learn to control your temperament.
- It is his fault Baba, it's not only the matter with my mother, but also he's after Oyá and tried to interfere between Oshun and I.
- My son, he never had to offend your mother. But it's not only his fault. Oyá was his wife and Oshún tempted him. Because the offense to his mother he condemned himself to work hard for the rest of his life. That's a serious punishment. You are not completely innocent; you took his wife and his lover and you robbed his sword and color.
- He killed my dog. Now he can say the dogs belong to him. - Shango replied.
- I understand your resentment, but you should understand that uncontrolled energy can be very destructive. Your energy is great, but you need the direction. For that I offer you this gift.
Obbatalá removed the necklace of white beads he always used and cleared one of the beads and gave it to Shango.
- Use this white bead, like a symbol of peace and wisdom, with the red beads of your necklace. I give you the power to control your energy wisely. Your virtue will be justice and not revenge. Nobody or nothing will ever surpass you.
And from that moment Shango used his necklace of white and red beads and has been the Orisha of justice.