Who is Obatalá?

Obatala is a Osha and is in the group of the Head's Oshas. Obatalá is the father of all the people. He is the creator of the human beings and everything that lives in the planet. As creator he rules over all the parts of the human body, mainly of the head, the thoughts and the human life, owner of the whiteness, and all that symbolize peace and purity. Obatalá is the owner of the white metals, mainly the silver. He represents the creation that is not necessarily immaculate; he is magnanimous and represents the superior being, also the physical and mental pride, wrath, despotism and people with defects or difficulties.

Obatalá was a Irunmole converted in Orisha by his errors. During his life in the terrenal plane he was king of the Igbó. His name comes from the Yoruba Obbàtalá (king of the purity). This Orisha pleases of all clean, white and pure. He does not admit nudity in his presence and either the lack of respect, is for that reason that their children must be very respectful. Their priests are called Oshabí.

In the nature he is symbolized by mountains. He is the one that interyields before any Osha or Orisha by any individual for a difficulty the person has, because he is considered the father of the human sort and owner of all the heads. When it is not possible to be defined and it is not known which is the Angel of Guard of an individual, Obatalá is the Osha that is devoted to him.

His number is the 8 and their multiples and his color is white. He is greeted Jekúa Babá!

Family of Obatalá:

He is descending direct of Oloddumare.

Diloggún in Obatalá:

In diloggún he speaks by Elleunle (8).

Tools of Obatalá:

Obatala lives in a sopera that can be of silver, some silver-plated metal or white slab. He has 4 Otás (stones) and in the case that is Olorí, he has 8, his attributes are a handle of silver, igbín (snails), slimy, two white ivory eggs, nacre or onyx, takes in addition a white Iruke (horse tail), snake, sun, chain, full moon, half moon, a hand grasping a sceptre, cayado (poayé), metal doves and agogó or silver-plated bell. His elekes is totally white, in other cases put in with colors according to the path. All their objects are wrapped in white cotton.

Obatalá's Power Objects:

The sceptre of power called opa. A silver bracelet. Iruke, object done with tail horsehair.

Suits of Obatalá:

Obatala always gets dressed in white In his warrior's path, he wears a red band on his chest. Suns and moons are sticked to his suit. He wears 8 handkerchiefs around his waist.

Dances of Obatalá:

When Obbatala comes down he dances according to th path. In his honor the dancers imitate the smooth movements and dubbings of a very old person. In his warrior's path he dances as if he was brandishing a sword. He speaks and does predictions, cleaning the presents with the iruke.

Offerings to Obatalá:

To Babá are immolated white doves, white hens, white goats, white hens of guinea. His taboos are the alcohol, the crabs and the beans. He is offered rice with milk, merengue, silverplated grageas, guanábana, grenade, canary seed, ñame, butter of cacao, husk, maize, white flowers, specially the one of the cotton. His ewes is the acacia, chicory, bell, cotton, white bledo, artemisa, atiponlá, rattan of the virgin, saffron, lily, white golden purl, cocconut, african cocconut, day gallant, night gallant, incense, malva, salvia, trébol, etc.

To crown Obatalá. Kari-Osha:

In order to crown this Osha one has to had received the Orisha Warriors. During the crowning the Oshas and Orishas to receive are the following.
Elegguá, Obatala, Oke, Yemayá, Shangó, Ogué, Oshún and Oyá.

Paths of Obatalá:

His paths are:

  • Obatala Oshanlá.
  • Obatala Oggán.
  • Obatala Orishanlá.
  • Obatala Ayágguna, Iyá Yagguna o Ayággruna.
  • Obatala Ibaíbo, Igbá Ibó, Obbá Iba o Ibá Ibó.
  • Obatala Obálufón.
  • Obatala Oshagriñan, Osá Griñan, Osá Kriñán o Agguiriñá.
  • Obatala Yekú Yekú o Yekú Oño.
  • Obatala Alaguema, Aguemó Yemá o Aguema.
  • Obatala Ekaniké.
  • Obatala Talabí.
  • Obatala Baba Fururú.
  • Obatala Eyuaró, Eruadyé o Eluayé.
  • Obatala Ashó, Asholó o Babá Ashó.
  • Obatala Obá Moró, Obamoró u Obbámoró.
  • Obatala Orisha Ayé.
  • Obatala Ondó.
  • Obatala Ayalúa.
  • Obatala Alabalaché.
  • Obatala Olufón.
  • Obatala Oloyú Okuní.
  • Obatala Oshá Orolú.
  • Obatala Okeylú.
  • Obatala Aná Suaré.
  • Obatala Adema.
  • Obatala Segbo Lisa.
  • Obatala Oshalufón.
  • Obatala Oguiniyán.
  • Obatala Obalabí.
  • Obatala Elefuro.
  • Obatala Oba Akiyá.
  • Obatala Oba Malú.
  • Obatala Efún Yobí.
  • Obatala Alarmorere.
  • Obatala Orisha Yeyé.
  • Obatala Obón.
  • Obatala Obanlá.
  • Obatala Aikalambó.
  • Obatala Oshereilbo.
  • Obatala Airaniké.
  • Obatala Oyú Alueko.
  • Obatala Orisha Iwín.
  • Obatala Oyé Ladé.
  • Obatala Ekúndiré.
  • Obatala Orisha Obralá.
  • Obatala Bibí Niké.
  • Obatala Edegú.
  • Obatala Abany.
  • Obatala Ayenolú o Ayelú.
  • Obatala Yemmú o Yembó.
  • Obatala Agguidai.
General characteristics of the Omo Obatala:

The omo Obatala are possessors of a great will, which can entail to being seen like obstinate people in their appreciations. They are dedicated generally to intellectual works, so they can be writers or artists. They are introverted, reserved and calmed. Usually they do not regret the decisions they take.

Patakies of Obatala:

Orishanlá was in charge of a task that trusted Olofin to him and began to mold in mud the bodies of the men, to which the Supreme Creator would blow into them the life. But not happy with the task he said to himself "why can't i complete my work?"

So, it occurred to him that he could spy Olofin to know what had to be done so that those inert bodies summoned up life.

So, Orishanlá that night instead of going away to sleep, hid in a corner of its factory awaiting for the Creator to arrive.

Olofin, that all sees, knew immediately of the stratagem of Orishanlá and he sent to him a deep sleep so he didn't notticed anything that happened.

In the following morning, when Orishanlá woke up, he notticed all men were alive, and understood that he wasn't to be in matters that weren't into his bussiness.